Dr Zaheer Hussain

Research and Teaching Blog


Leave a comment

An investigation into Problematic Smartphone Use

My research study into problematic smartphone use has been published. Citation and abstract below. The article can be downloaded for free using the link below;

http://akademiai.com/doi/abs/10.1556/2006.6.2017.052

Hussain, Z., Griffiths, M.D., & Sheffield, D. (2017). An investigation into Problematic Smartphone Use: The role of narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (3), 378-386. doi: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.052.

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Over the last decade, worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased. Alongside this growth, research on the influence of smartphones on human behaviour has also increased. However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences in a minority of individuals. This study examines the psychological aspects of smartphone use particularly in relation to problematic use, narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors.

Methods: A sample of 640 smartphone users ranging from 13 to 69 years of age (mean = 24.89 years, SD = 8.54 years) provided complete responses to an online survey including modified DSM-5 criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder to assess problematic smartphone use, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory.

Results: The results demonstrated significant relationships between problematic smartphone use and anxiety, conscientiousness, openness, emotional stability, the amount of time spent on smartphones, and age. Results also demonstrated that conscientiousness, emotional stability, and age were independent predictors of problematic smartphone use.

Conclusions: The findings demonstrate that problematic smartphone use is associated with various personality factors and contributes to further understanding the psychology of smartphone behaviour and associated excessive use.

Advertisements


Leave a comment

Smartphone Addiction and Associated Psychological Factors

My latest research article on Smartphone Addiction is now available online at the following link;

Smartphone Addiction and Associated Psychological Factors


Leave a comment

Conference Paper: Exploring Problematic Smartphone Use and Associated Psychological Factors

Earlier this month I was invited to present a paper at the 3rd International Congress on Technology Addiction in Istanbul, Turkey. Here is the abstract for the paper I presented;

Exploring Problematic Smartphone Use and Associated Psychological Factors

Dr Zaheer Hussain (University of Derby, UK), Claire Pearson (University of Derby, UK) & Professor David Sheffield (University of Derby, UK).

Background and Aims

Worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased with research showing that in the UK smartphone penetration has risen from 62% in 2013 to 81% in 2015 (MobileSquared, 2015). Alongside this growth in smartphone usage, research on the influence of smartphones on human behaviour has increased. Smartphone based interventions have proven useful in different contexts, such as diabetes management, physical and healthy eating monitoring (Fjeldsoe, Marshall, & Miller, 2009). However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences (Billieux, Maurage, Lopez-Fernandez, Kuss & Griffiths, 2015). This paper will discuss the research findings of two studies exploring the psychological aspects of smartphone use.

Methods

Study 1: A self-selected sample of 256 smartphone users (Mean age = 29.2, SD = 9.49) completed an online survey.

Study 2: A sample of 871 smartphone users ranging from 13 to 69 years of age (mean = 25.06 years, SD = 8.88) completed an online survey.

Results

Study 1: The results revealed that 13.3% of the sample was classified as addicted to their smartphones. Higher narcissism scores and neuroticism levels were linked to addiction.

Study 2: The results revealed a significant relationship between problematic smartphone use and the predictors of time spent on phone, conscientiousness, emotional stability and age.

Conclusions

The findings provide interesting insights in to the psychology of smartphone use and emphasise that there are various factors that influence problematic smartphone use. The development of personalised health interventions may be needed to prevent the negative consequences of smartphone use.


Leave a comment

Problematic Smartphone use and the links to Anxiety and User Personality

I presented at the 3rd International Conference on Behavioral Addictions (ICBA 2016) last week. Abstract below;

Exploring Problematic Smartphone use and the links to Anxiety and User Personality

Zaheer Hussain (University of Derby, UK) & David Sheffield (University of Derby, UK)

Background and Aims: Worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased with research showing that in the UK smartphone penetration has risen from 62% in 2013 to 81% in 2015 (MobileSquared, 2015). Alongside this growth in smartphone usage, research on the influence of smartphones on human behaviour has increased. Smartphone based interventions have proven useful in different contexts, such as diabetes management, physical and healthy eating monitoring (Fjeldsoe, Marshall, & Miller, 2009). However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences (Billieux, Maurage, Lopez-Fernandez, Kuss & Griffiths, 2015). This paper will discuss the research findings of a large scale study exploring the psychological aspects of smartphone use.

Methods: A sample of 871 smartphone users ranging from 13 to 69 years of age (mean = 25.06 years, SD = 8.88) completed an online survey comprising of modified DSM-5 criteria, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory.

Results: The results revealed a significant relationship between problematic smartphone use and the predictors of time spent on phone, conscientiousness, emotional stability and age.

Conclusions: This is the first large-scale study of problematic smartphone use and personality characteristics. The findings emphasise that problematic smartphone use is linked to various predictors. The development of personalised health interventions are needed to prevent the negative consequences of smartphone use.